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In musica ghost note is a musical note with a rhythmic value, but no discernible pitch when played. In musical notationthis is represented by an "X" for a note head instead of an oval, or parentheses around the note head.
On stringed instrumentsthis is played by sounding a muted string. There is a pitch, to be sure, but its musical value is more rhythmic than melodic or harmonic In popular music drumming, these notes are played "very softly between the 'main' notes," off the beat on the sixteenth notes most often on the snare drum in a drum kit.
In vocal music, it represents words that are spoken in rhythm rather than sung. Ghost notes, however, are not simply the unaccented notes in a pattern. The unaccented notes in such a pattern as a clave are considered to represent the Plasmatics - Beyond The Valley Of 1984 level of emphasis—they are neither absolutely emphasized nor unemphasized.
If one further deemphasizes one of these unaccented notes to the same or a similar extent to which the accented notes in the pattern are emphasized, then one has 'ghosted' that note. In a case in which a ghost note is deemphasized to the point of silence, that note then represents a rhythmic placeholder in much the same way as does a rest.
This Untitled - Toronto Maple Leafs - Lets Talk Hockey be a very Ghost Note - English Dogs - The Thing With Two Heads distinction, and the ability of an instrumentalist to differentiate between what is a ghost note and what is a rest is governed largely by the acoustic nature of the instrument. Wind instrumentsincluding the human voice, and guitars are examples of instruments generally capable of ghosting notes without making them synonymous with rests, while a pianist or percussionist would have more difficulty in creating this distinction because of the percussive nature of the instruments, which hampers the resolution of the volume gradient as one approaches silence.
However, in such a case as that the ghost notes were clearly audible, while being far less prominent than the unaccented notes which represent the mean degree of emphasis within the example, then a percussionist could be said to create what we might define as ghost notes.
A frequent misconception is that grace notes and ghost notes are synonymous. A grace note is by definition decidedly shorter in length than the principal note which it 'graces', but in many examples the grace note receives a greater degree of accentuation emphasis than the principal itself, even though it is a much shorter note than the principal.
In other words, while a grace note could be ghosted, the ghosting of notes is a function of volume [ citation needed ] rather than of duration. In drumming, a ghost note is played at very low volume,  and typically on a snare drum.
This produces a subtle 16th-note feel around a strong back beat or certain accents. The term ghost notethen, can have various meanings. The term anti-accent is more specific. Moreover, there exists a set of anti-accent marks to show gradation more specifically.
Percussion music in particular makes use of anti-accent marks, as follows:. A guitarist wishing to ghost a note can decrease the pressure the fretting hand is exerting upon the strings without removing the hand from the fretboard which would result in the sounding of the open pitches of those strings.
This is sometimes called a 'scratch', and is considered a ghost note unless all the unaccented notes in the pattern were 'scratched' in which case the scratches are unaccented notes. On the double bass, percussive ghost She Boom (Sonny Black Remix) - Kulcha Connection - Plus Haut are sometimes performed by slapping the strings against the fingerboard, which creates a percussive, "clacky" sound.
With the double bass, slap-style ghost notes are used in rockabillybluegrassand traditional blues and swing jazz. In vocal music, especially in musical Ghost Note - English Dogs - The Thing With Two Heads a ghost note represents that the lyrics must be spoken rather than sung, retaining the marked rhythm but having indeterminate pitch. Notes with value less than a half note use an "X" instead of an oval as a note head.
Occasionally a half note or whole note is represented with an open diamond note head, often representing a scream or grunt. As an extreme example, ghost notes are almost exclusively used in "Rock Island", the opening number of The Music Man. This notation may also indicate Sprechstimme or rapping. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Ghost-Note band. Good Bass Players Should Knowp.
All About Drumsp. Hal Leonard. The Drum Set Crash Course. Alfred Music Publishing. See Sharp Press. Retrieved 11 May Drums for Dummiesp. New York Times. March 29, Archived from the original on April 6, Retrieved November 20, Drum beats and strokes.
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